- A person who writes or is concerned with belles-lettres
Belles-lettres or belles lettres is a term that is used to describe a category of writing. A writer of belles-lettres is a belletrist. However the boundaries of that category vary in different usages.
Literally, "belles lettres" is a French phrase meaning "beautiful" or "fine" writing. In this sense, therefore, it includes all literary works – especially fiction, poetry, drama, or essays – valued for their aesthetic qualities and originality of style and tone (usually with regard to the language used but sometimes even in terms of the visual typography employed) rather than their informative or moral content. The term can thus be used to refer to literature generally. The Nuttall Encyclopedia, for example, described belles lettres as the department of literature which implies literary culture and belongs to the domain of art, whatever the subject may be or the special form; it includes poetry, the drama, fiction, and criticism, while the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition describes it as the more artistic and imaginative forms of literature, as poetry or romance, as opposed to more pedestrian and exact studies.
The phrase is sometimes used in a derogatory manner when speaking about the study of English literature: those who study rhetoric often deride English departments for focusing on the aesthetic qualities of language rather than its practical application. A quote from Brian Sutton's article in Language and Learning Across the Disciplines, "Writing in the Disciplines, First-Year Composition, and the Research Paper," serves to illustrate the rhetoricians' opinion on this subject and their use of the term: Writing-in-the-disciplines adherents, well aware of the wide range of academic genres a first-year composition student may have to deal with in the future, are unlikely to force those students to venture so deeply into any one genre as to require slavish imitation. The only first-year composition teachers likely to demand “conformity and submission” to a particular kind of academic discourse are those English-department fixtures, the evangelical disciples of literature, professors whose goal in first-year composition is to teach students to explicate belles lettres. Writing-in-the-disciplines adherents, unlike teachers of literature-as-composition, generally recognize the folly of forcing students to conform to the conventions of a discourse community they have no desire to join.
However, for many modern purposes, belles lettres is used in a rather narrower sense, to identify literary works that do not fall into other major categories such as fiction, poetry or drama. Thus it would include essays, récits, published collections of speeches and letters, satirical and humorous writings, and other miscellaneous writings. The Oxford English Dictionary (2nd Edition) says that "it is now generally applied (when used at all) to the lighter branches of literature". The term remains in use among librarians and others who have to classify books: While a large library might have separate categories for essays, letters, humour and so forth (and most of them are assigned different codings in, for example, the Dewey decimal classification system), in libraries of modest size they are often all grouped together under the heading "belles lettres".
belletrist in Czech: Beletrie
belletrist in German: Belles Lettres
belletrist in Georgian: ბელეტრისტიკა
belletrist in Dutch: Bellettrie
belletrist in Polish: Beletrystyka
belletrist in Russian: Беллетристика
belletrist in Slovak: Beletria
belletrist in Ukrainian: Белетристика